Providing cover not only reduces the impact of rain and wind on the soil surface it also feeds the microorganisms in the soil that help to maintain structure and health. No-till is the process of leaving the previous crop’s residue and planting directly into that residue the following year. Over time the old plant mater will decompose and be taken back into the soil by earthworms.
Cover crops are crops that are planted toward the end or after harvest to cover and feed the soil throughout the winter. Different species or mixes of species aid in soil health, weed suppression, nitrogen building, and reducing compaction. The key to using cover crops is to consider your soils needs, pesticide system (residuals), crop rotation, and application type.
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